Tinos

TinosAmong Andros and Mykonos we find the Holy island of Tinos, the island which Panagia (Virgin Mary) has made known to the whole Orthodox world. Tinos, in its entirety, with its particular character and its natural beauty, remains unknown, waiting to be discovered by the traveller who will experience the beautiful streets of the city, the masterpieces of art that embelish the whole island, its white villages, its majestic beaches and paths, where chapels and monasteries give their place to windmills and pigeon houses, with views towards the immense light blue Aegean Sea. With an extent of 197 square kilometres and 8000 residents, Tinos is the third in size, island of the Cyclades, after Naxos and Andros. The island is mainly mountainous, though it does not have high mountains (the highest top is Tsiknias, 726m). It has few and small cultivable valleys. Capital and harbour of the island is Hora of Tinos, a beautiful town where cobbled streets, Cycladic architecture hoses and old mansions are still maintained. Tinos is an entire museum: beautiful intact villages with arches and springs, houses with stone arches and bloomed courtyards, picturesque cafés, chapels on the tops of hills and of course the granite rock of Xompourgo.Villages of Tinos are scattered throughout the entire island.
It has sixty four traditional villages, forty of which are in complete function, in relatively near distances from each other and thus one can discover them by walking and crossing preserved paths of unique beauty.
The island is a place of adoration, equivalent with famous Virgin Mary of Lourdis in France, for the Greeks who are by far the biggest number of its visitors. Tinos is also an island of artists since a big number of Greek painters and sculptors of the 19th and 20th century was from Tinos, such as Chalepas, Filippotis, Sochos, Gyzis, Lytras.

According to ancient mythology, the island was the residence of Aiolos, the god of winds and that gave an explanation to the ancients for the strong winds that prevailed in the region. The name of Tinos is perhaps connected with the Phoenician TANNOTI or TANNOTH that it means snake. In the island has been given also the name “Ofiousa” that is related with the snakes which according to the myth, were exterminated by the ancient protector of the island, Poseidon (Poseidon). It was also named Ydroussa due to its many water sources. Aristofanis reports also the name “Skorodoforos” because it produced goood garlic.
The traces of first installation in the island are placed in the Neolithic and early Cycladic periods.
The most ancient elements that were found are related with the Mycenaean period, while the first Greek tribes were Ionian and came to the island around 1000 B.C..Ancient Tinos was built on the 8th century B.C. on Xompourgo, a rock of height of 641 m.
From the 8th until the 6th century B.C. the island was dominated by the people of Eretria. As it happened with many parts of the Greek space, mainly though Ionia and the islands of the Aegean, at the duration of the Persian wars of the 5th century B.C., they passed to the sovereignty of Persians. Thus they sent with the Persian fleet a trireme with Panaitio Sosimenous as skipper who turned to the side of the Greeks before the naval battle of Salamina.
The island was freed by the Athenians and took part against the Persians in the battle of Plataies.
After Midian wars, the island passed under the hegemony of Athens,then followed the Spartans and finally the Macedonians of Philippos and his successors. It came to its peak at the 3rd century B.C. while the 2nd cent. B.C. the naval force of Rhodes also extended itself here and the island became a naval base.
When Romans occupied Greece, Tinos constituted part of the empire and in 88 B.C. it was raided by Mithridatis of king of Pontos. The ruins of temples of Poseidon and Amfitriti that were found on the island show that in antiquity, these gods were worshipped in Tinos. Tinos became part of the Byzantine Empire as the whole Greek space and belonged to the “Subject of Greece” up to the first attack against Constantinople from the Franks in 1204.
After the attack of the City from the “Crusaders”, the two big forces of the 4th “Crusade” shared the territories of the Empire which they occupied. Thus Tinos passed in 1207 under the sovereignty of the Venetians. The first sovereigns of the island were the Venetian family of Gkizi up to 1390 when the local Nikolaos Venieros was named governor.
With the release of Constantinople in 1261, the Byzantines did not recover its sovereignty and the island remained under the Venetians for roughly five centuries. The Castle of Tinos was built by the Venetians on the rock of Xompourgo, the administrative and military centre of the island.
The Venetians built their castle-administrative centre on the rock at the top of a mountain, because from a military point of view, it was almost impregnable. A little further below they raised an exterior defensive wall with two enormous towers and a gate. The castle was initially named Agia Eleni from the Catholic Church found in it. Xompourgo or Exompourgo, (Soburgo) was initially the settlement outside the fortified state of Burgo. Thus with time, the whole locality took the name Xompourgo (out of Burgo).
The castle resisted to Turks for roughly two centuries, while almost all the rest of Cyclades fell up to 1538. After the surrender of the island to the Turks, the Venetians withdrew and according to the treaty, the castle and its surrounding settlement were demolished. Thus only stones and remains of walls remain. At the duration of the Venetian sovereignty, the island was threatened many times over. Thus in 1538 it was raided from the pirate Chairentin Mbarmbarossa.
It was controlled along with the remainder of the Cyclades up to 1599 from Iosif Nazis. On the 31st of March 1821, the flag of revolution was raised on the Tower, with Georgios Palamaris as a pioneer.Locals offered 5.000 soldiers and a big fleet for the revolution, while local seamen manned and gave ammunition to the boats of Psara, Spetses and Hydra.
In January 1823 the picture of Panagia was found in the island, a happening that was considered as a divine sign from the revolted Greeks.
At the release, Tinos became part of the New Greek State. The island came once again in the limelight on the Second World War and concretely on the 15th of August 1940, with the torpedoing of the military ship “ELLI”, which was anchored outside the harbour of Tinos, participating in the feast of Panagia. The boat was sunk by a torpedo of an Italian submarine. During German occupation, Tinos, due to its position, functioned as the centre of information and sabotages of the allied in the Aegean.
Hora
Hora is the capital and harbour of the island of Tinos, a beautiful city where cobbled streets, Cycladic houses and old mansions are maintained. In the street of the jetty we find a lot of shops, hotels, taverns, cafeterias and confectioneries with traditional pastry, while two wide uphill streets, lead to the church of Panagia (Megalochari)- built from white marble. Near the church of Megalochari-in the place Poles, the wall of a citadel of the 4th century B.C. and the Archaeological Museum are visible.

Panagia Evaggelistria
A masterpiece of Cycladic architecture and the first architectural monument of newer Greece, the church of Megalochari was built in 1823, after finding of the miraculous picture of Panagia , and progressively acquired its current fame as a pan orthodox adoration place. The church of Evreseos is located on the foundations of an early Christian church, which was itself built in the place of the ancient temple of Dionysus. Opposite from the temple of Evreseos we find an art gallery with very appreciable works of Greek painters. In the space of the church of Panagia you will see a sacristy with ecclesiastical and historical objects of great value and a library with rare books, while in the Museum of Artists of Tinos we locate important works of local artists. Near the entry of the church there is a monument for the crew of the battleship “Elli”, which was torpedoed in 1940 in the strait of Tinos.

Art Parc
In the crossroad between the regions of Marla and Mamados a new established in 2009 Parc is dedicated to the unknown carrier of the Exomeria region as well as in honour of the artists Giannoulis Chalepas and Nickolaos Scarlotas that are both originated from the regions’ vilages.

Churches
Apart from Panagia Evaggelistria and the church of Evreseos, in the city of Tinos we also find the Agios Ioannis, the Taxiarches with iconostasis from the 18th century, and the churches of Agios Nikolaos and Agios Antonios.
Churches can be traced all around Tinos.

Pigeon houses
In Kambos and in Tarampado you will see the most beautiful pigeon houses of the whole island. They are masterpieces of traditional Cycladic architecture of the 18th and 19th century, with decorative drawings in splendid variants that combine functionalism with beauty,thus excellently developing toying in between light and shade.

Archaeological Museum
The museum is found in the Avenue Megalocharis, opposite from the building of the Greek Telecome. It was founded in 1963 and there one can find exhibited findings from the excavations in Kionia where among others a cluster of marine statues that are forming a marine theater cast presents great interest.
A number of big engraved jars from the temple of Dimitra from Xompourgo above the village Tripotamos are also accommodated in the museum.
It also includes ceramics from the mycaenean up to later Hellenistic and Roman periods, sculptures such as, the 1st A.D. century statue which is believed to be a portrait of the emperor Claudius, the marble sculpture that portrays Triton, a member of “tethrippos” from the 2nd century B.C., the marble solar clock that shows solar time and solstices, work of Andronikos of Kyrristos from the end of the 2nd-beginnings of 1st century B.C., all these from Kionia and also a mosaic floor decorated with geometric drawings from Hora, found in the garden of the temple of Panagia . In the courtyard of the museum we find parts from the altar of Poseidon and Amfitriti.

The museum of Artists of Tinos
It was founded in 1930 with initiative of the Pan-Hellenic Holy Institution of Evaggelistria in order to accommodate works of artists that were born in Tinos. Here one can see 5 works of Nikolaos Gyzis, 25 works of Giannoulis Chalepas, paintings of Nikiforos and Nikolaos Lytras, and works in marble of Georgios Vitalis, Lazaros Fytalis, Loukas Doukas, Lazaros Sochos, Nikolaos Stergiou, Ioannis Koulouris and Ioannis Voulgaris.

Art gallery of Holy Adoration of Evaggelistria of Tinos
Opposite of the church of Evreseos, an appreciable collection of works of art-given by the Institution of Athanassios Papadopoulos- is exposed for many years. It includes works of many known Greek painters, such as Nikolaos Gyzis, Georgios Iakovidis, Georgios Roilos, Polychronis Lempesis, Nikiforos Lytras, Dimitrios Pelekasis. Copies of works of Velaskes, Rubens, Rembrant, Mourigo and of other great painters of Europe are also exposed.

Museum of Popular Architecture
In the monastery of Agia Triada (outside the city) we find an important number of objects from life in the older years on the island, from which particular interest presents the appreciable collection from marble transoms. In the Museum we also find homage to the torpedoing of the battleship “Elli” in 15.8.1940 (pieces from the boat, etc)in the gulf of Tinos.

Educational Museum of the Abbey of Oursoulines (in Loutra)
The abbey of Oursoulines was an important educational centre for girls for 133 years (1860-1993) with a Greek and a French high school, with a workshop for carpets, sartorial, textiles, fine arts, housekeeping and musical studies (with 30 pianos). Samples of students works but also supervisory material that still exists, are exposed in the museum.

Folklore and Ecclesiastical Museum of the Abbey of Jesuits
This is a small museum with objects from the life and action of nuns in Tinos from 1661 in Xompourgo and from 1840 in Loutra with emphasis to their educational work and their relation with the youth. (Since 1994)

Ecclesiastical Museum of Falatados
It is accommodated in the church of Agia Triada where Byzantine icons, ecclesiastical vestments and utensils are exposed.

Historical and Folklore Museum of Karya
It is found in the old school of the village that was renovated with the contribution of sculptor of Irini Chariati and includes the collection of the sculptor with objects of traditional culture of the island, costumes, photo material, etc

The house of Chalepas in Pirgos
The house of Chalepas, which has been changed into a museum, accommodates photographs and personal objects, while in its entry we find a statue of the sculptor. The two churches of Agios Nikolaos and Agios Dimitrios with the marvellous marble décor, the preserved monument of the cemetery of Pirgos (18th century) with the sculpted tomb plates and a village square with marble springs and a century old plane tree (historical preserved monument), are also included in the sights of Pirgos.

Museum of Artists
It is found in Isternia and accommodates works of Lazaros Sochos, Iakobos Malakates and of the Fytali brothers.

Museum of Artists of Tinos (Pirgos)
It includes 47 total works, representative of the artistic production of sculptures that were born in Pirgos and Isternia. Only Gypsum copies are presented in the museum. In some of them, the marks that the artist put before the “transport of” work in marble are still visible.

Sculpture gallery of Irini Chariati (in the entry of Pirgos)
It includes 60 original forms, work of one of the few women sculptors of Hora and of the whole island. They concern work that decorates public and private spaces in Greece and abroad. It was inaugurated in August 1998.

Traditional Pottery Museum
In the Aetofolia region, a 2009 established museum that was founded by the Research Center of Modern Pottery. Its collectables present the various traditional pottery techniques while there are are multiple parallel festivities throughout the whole year.

Museum of marble sculpture art
In Pyrgos, in the village of Panormos one may find the quite active in various exhibitions museum of marble sculpture art. Its working hours are from the 1st of March till the 15th of October: Daily (except Tuesday) from 10:00 b.m till 6:00 a.m. and from the 16th of October till the 28th of February: Daily (except Tuesday) from 10:00 b.m till 5:00 a.m.
Contact Details: Tel.22830-31290, Fax:2283031293,www.piop.gr piop@piraeusbank.gr

The villages of Tinos are scattered in the entire island in relatively close distances from each other and one can easily discover them on foot, by crossing maintained paths of amazing beauty. Some of the many alternative routes are:
1. a. Triantaros-Mountados-Karya-Dyo Horia-Arnados-Monastiri-Tzados-Kechros.
This is a marvellous route that will initially lead you to Triantaro, where you will enjoy the view to Aegean from an altitude of 500 metres. The old communal washing-places of the villages are used until today! Arnados is a small village with traditional arches and streets, which will definately charm you.
1. b. Steni-Falatados or Steni-Volakas or Steni -Myrsini-Potamia.
In Falatado, one of the biggest and richest villages of Tinos, which is dated from 1400, you can visit the marble churches of Agios Ioannis and Agia Triada (1610) – the largest church of Tinos and make sure you taste the local omelette “fourtalia” and the famous grape “rozaki”.
In Steni you will see the church of Agios Antonios, with its wood carved iconostasis from the 17th century, its marvellous epitaph and its old icons.
In the beautiful village Volakas you will be impressed by the moon landscape with strange granite blocks of stone – a unique phenomenon in the entire world and you can closely admire as well the tradition of basketry.
1. c. Steni -Potamia-Lychnaftia
2.a. Tripotamos- Ktikados- Chatzirados- Xinara -Loutra-Skalados- Krokos-Monastiri-Sklavochori.
2.b. Perastra-Agapi-Komi-Kolympithra-Kato Kleisma- Karkados- Aetofolia-Kaloni.
Going down the road on the other side of Monastiria, we see Perastra and Komi on the left while on the right we see Agapi. Continuing one can choose to direct out right for the beach of Kolympithra or left for Kato Kleisma, Karkado and Kaloni. For Aetofolia one should follow the street on the side of “K.Kleisma”. This new street after it passes from Aetofolia, it continues crossing the Northern side of the island of (koris Pyrgos) and leads to Platia-Pyrgos. At Ktikado the arches, cobbled streets, houses with marble transoms and an old spring, all provide a separate beauty for the area.
In Xinara, seat of the archbishop of the Catholics of Tinos, we find the catholic cathedral, dedicated to the Virgin Mary of Rozario.
In Loutra, a village built in a green environment, you will see the Abbey of Oursoulines, which was founded in 1862 and today accommodates the folklore museum.
The Monastiria, an abandoned village has acquired a figurative interest after the figurative intervention of K.Tsoklis.
In the double bay of Kolympithra, on the northern coasts, you will find an amazing sandy beach, where swimming becomes a real enjoyment.
3. Kampos- Tarampados- Smardakito- Kardiani- Isternia-Platia.
After Platia you follow the street on the left to Marla while for Pirgos-Panormos you continue on the provincial street. (Pirgos-Marlas-Panormos). In Kampos we find the church of Agia Ekaterini from 1775, with wood carved iconostasis and marvellous icons. In Kampos and in Tarampado you will see the most beautiful pigeon houses of the island. They are Masterpieces of popular Cycladic architecture from the 18th and 19th century, with decorative drawings in splendid variants, which combine functionalism with beauty, presenting excellently the toying of light and shade.
Kardiani is a beautiful village hanging on rocks with amazing views to the sea, built on the 17th century, where the visitor will observe the use of marble in almost all houses. The over a thousand year old church of Panagia of Kioura (Dame) Kardiani and the cemetery of the 9th-8th century B.C. are included in the sights of the area.
In Isternia, settlement on the top of a hill with old mills and amazing views to the sea, you will see the monastery of Panagia Katapoliani from 1786, the church of Defteris Evreseos, Agia Paraskevi with marvellous iconostasis, Agios Athanassios (one of the older churches of Tinos) and the Museum of Artists. In the bay of Isternia you can enjoy the sandy beach and the sea.
The house of the biggest Modern Greek sculptor, Giannoulis Chalepas is also a museum, in his birthplace, Pirgos, the largest and perhaps most picturesque village of Tinos, with its marble paved streets, springs, whitewashed houses with marble steps and transoms. In the Museum of Artists of Tinos of Pirgos, many works and mainly gypsum forms are exposed.
The road leads to the picturesque fishing village of Panormos, with its houses being amphitheatrically built on the slopes around the bay. In Panormos you will also find a cave with stalactites and stalagmites with iridescent phenomena caused by the very little light that enters in.
4. Moni Kechrovouniou.
One should direct to Steni and after to Kechrovouni in order to reach Tsiknias. By road or by path, the route is Tsiknias -Steni- Livadas bay. For the Livadas bay there is also the path Falatados-Myrsini-Livada (- Tsiknias- Livadas bay). The Moni Kechrovouniou, dedicated to the dormition of Virgin Mary, is one of the most historical monuments of Tinos. The temple was founded on the 10th-11th century and has wood carved iconostasis with post Byzantine icons and a Russian epitaph from 1558. All the buildings of the monastery follow the Cycladic architecture – cubic buildings, narrow streets, marble springs, giving the picture of a Cycladic village. In the abbey you will find the church of Osia Pelagia, whose vision led to the finding of the icon of Panagia, and an ecclesiastical collection with appreciable portable icons and objects from the ecclesiastical and monastic life.
On the Tsiknias mountain (highest top of the island, 727 m.) we find a coexistence example of the mixed religiously society of Tinos: the church of Faneromeni, a double church for Orthodox and Catholics.
5. Hora-Kionia.
Kionia-a green village with magical views to the sea and a beautiful sandy beach.In their archaeological site you will see ruins of the temple of Poseidon and Amfitriti and other buildings of the 4th-1st century B.C.
6. Hora-Moni Gyrlas-Porto.
East of Hora we find the Moni Gyrlas of (Agia Triada), which was founded on the 11th century, with an exceptional wood carved iconostasis and rare icons. The Museum of Popular Architecture of Tinos is located in the Monastery, with a collection of marble transoms. In the museum we also find homage in the torpedoing of the battleship “Elli]” (pieces from the boat etc). The old Venetian harbour of Agios Ioannis with a splendid sandy beach is found in Porto.
7. Kaloni-Cove of Agios Romanos.
In Agios Romanos you will get to see the church of Panagia Vrysiotissa, a place of adoration for Catholics, with the icon of Virgin Mary that was found on the 17th century. The road leads to a marvellous beach.
8. Tripotamos-Xompourgo.
In Exomvourgo or Xompourgo (“outside of the castle”, in the Italian: burgo),on a steep granite rock of 640 metres- from where the view is impressive-ruins of the most important ancient city of the island (11th-3rd century B.C.)lie. A temple of the 8th century B.C, dedicated to Dimitra and Persephone was found here during excavations. At the ancient citadel location of the we find ruins of a Venetian fortress that was built in 1207, it has two huge walls where the medieval capital of Tinos was built. (Easy small route).
Traditional settlements
The villages of Tinos, constitute exceptional sights, samples of extreme beauty and architectural value.
In Triantaros, you will enjoy the view to the Aegean from an altitude of 500 metres. The old communal washing-stones of the villages are still used today!
Arnados is a picturesque village on the slopes of mountain Kechrovouni, known for its famous medieval arches and cobbled narrow streets. In its central square, the impressive church of Analipsis Hristou was built in the 1600. The ecclesiastical museum functions next to the church from 1987 and hosts old icons of the region’s churches, ecclesiastical objects, old books and vestments.
Karya is a beautiful village of the Byzantine period with buildings of unique beauty among eucalyptuses and pomegranates. The folklore museum that exists here is remarkable.
Mountados is found at a distance of 4 kilometres from Hora and is today a picturesque village with a traditional settlement that is more than 1000 years old. It is the homeland of the artists Lampakis and Mavros.
The Dyo Horia (two Villages), a name which came from the conjunction of two settlements. The history of the settlements begins from the middle ages. The village is beautiful and built in a green and fertile region with running waters.
Falatados is from the biggest and richest villages of Tinos and is dated from 1400. It is found east of Hora. Here we find the monastery of Agia Triada built in 1610 in the place where three small chapels existed at the past, Agios Ioannis, Agios Vasilios and Agia Triada. The kneeling places are works of M. Kaparias, the neoclassic pulpit of N. Perakis and the icons are dated from the 17th century. The marble church of Agios Yannis and the beautiful Cycladic square of Megalochari dominate in the village, while we also find a small folklore collection and an ecclesiastical museum.
Steni, is the largest village of Tinos, built west of Tsiknias. Appreciable monuments of the village are the church of Agios Antonios -with a wood carved iconostasis from the 17th century, a marvelous epitaph and some very old icons-and the church of Agios Nikolaos.
Tripotamos is one of the most ancient villages of the island with picturesque architecture with arches, staircases, galleries and cobbled streets. The custom of “Kavos” is celebrated in Christmas in Tripotamos which contains early Christian, medieval and holy mountain elements. Here functions the only industrial unit of the island, the cheese dairy and the only ceramics workshop of the island that still functions.
In the beautiful village Volakas you will be impressed by the moon landscape with its strange granite blocks of stone – a unique phenomenon in the entire world -and you will closely admire the tradition of basketry.
In Ktikado arches, cobbled streets,houses with marble transoms and an old spring, provide a separate beauty for the area.
In Xinaras, seat of the archbishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Tinos, we find the church of Catholics of Tinos, dedicated in Panagia of Rozario.
In the “Palace of Despot”, a big building of the 19th century, the ¨Centre of Faith and Culture” is accommodated today. Here we find the museum of ecclesiastical heirlooms, the Archive of catholic parishes -that is also the older archive of Tinos as well as a radio station. The town hall of the Municipality of Exombourgo is found in the ground floor.
In Loutra, a village built in a green environment, we find the Abbey of Oursoulines, which was founded in 1862 and today hosts a folklore museum.
In Kambos we find the church of Agia Ekaterini from 1775, with a wood carved iconostasis and marvellous icons.
Komi is a beautiful green village, built above the river of “Lazaros Perastras”. Its metropolitan temple is the church of Agios Ioannis, with an icon painted from the Italian painter Galiardi. It is a rural village, that has a wine factory and produces vegetables, fruits, lemons etc.
Kaloni is also a rural village, built at the end of meadow of Komi.
Its church, Agios Zacharias is a basilica with a splendid courtyard.
Kardiani is a beautiful (mountainous) village hanging on the rocks with amazing views to the sea, built on the 17th century.Here, the visitor will observe the use of marble in almost all houses.The more than one thousand years old church of Panagia of Kioura of (Dame) Kardiani and the cemetery from the 9th-8th century B.C. are included in its sights.
In Isternia, a settlement on the top of a hill with old mills and amazing views to the sea, you will see the monastery of Panagia Katapoliani from 1786, the church of Deyteris Evreseos, Agia Paraskevi with a marvellous iconostasis, Agios Athanassios (one of the oldest churches of Tinos) and the Museum of Artists. In the Isternia bay you will enjoy the sandy beach and the sea.
The house of the greatest Modern Greek sculptor, Giannoulis Chalepas is also a museum, in his birthplace Pirgos, the biggest and perhaps most picturesque village of Tinos, with marble streets, springs, whitewashed houses with marble steps and transoms. Many of his works, mainly gypsum forms are exposed in the Museum of Artists of Tinos.
The first declaration of the Revolution of 31st of March 1821 took place here with Georgios Palamaris as ringleader. It is a place of birth of big artists such as the painter Nikiforos Lytras, the sculptors Dimitris Filippotis and Giannoulis Chalepas and the music writer Nikos Skalkotas.
Today the house of Chalepas functions as a museum. Painting wood and stone sculpting workshops also function in the village.
A school of marble sculpting functions since 1957 in the village.
In Panormos we find a cave with stalactites and stalagmites and iridescent phenomena of the very little light that enters in.
The remaining villages, constitute elements of exceptional architectural and cultural heritage. With the appreciable religious monuments, their narrow streets, traditional houses, they constitute poles of attraction for the visitors of the island.
These are: Agapi, Aetofolia, Vernadados, Karkados, Kato Kleisma, Kechros, Koumaros, Krokos, Platia, Mamados and Marlas, Mesi, Monastiry, Monasteria, Mountados, Myrsini, Perastra, Potamia, Skalados, Sklavochorio, Smardakito and Tzados.
Local Products
The island of Tinos is an island of agriculture and animal raising. Of course agriculture does not particularly attribute because the ground is mountainous and northern wind often blows. Only in the plain of Komi and in few other places we can find fertile ground for cultivation. That fertile ground is retained from escalations that support fields of width of three to five metres.
Barley, oat and wheat are produced on the island. They are grinded in windmills and watermills. Vine is also cultivated in Riza that is protected from the north winds. Varieties of cultivated grapes are “potamisia” or “krasostafyla” which give the must and” mavropotamisa” that give the black must. Other types are the rozakia, antirites, platania, fraoules, kamariana, roditika, aetonychia, begleria, skatharia, the voidomatika, the aspradia, and the Kritika. Tinos is famous for its exceptional white wines askathari and aspropotamisio. From the must they also make molasses. From the remains of the wine production they make strofilia or raki, with a special process. The culture of olive is met in covered parts. The olive trees are called agrelia. The olives, depending on their way of production are named “machairomenes”, tsakistes, kolympates and alatismenes. Figs constitute an important product for Tinos. Kontolata, glykornioi, arkounes or mpourkounia, aspoudes, kavourakia, xinosyka, astganes, vasilicata and maronia are certain from the types that are produced. They are gathered in August and are opened in aplotaria in order to dry under the sun. At the same time vegetables are cultivated in gardens. Fruit trees, such as lemon trees, orange, pear-trees, almond trees, mulberries, plum trees and pomegranates are cultivated for the needs of the residents. Animal raising is restricted in domestic sheep and cow raising. Also essential is the pig found at the end of a field which is slaughtered in choirosfagia and is prepared with various ways in order to cover the needs of the family. Poultry and pigeons are additionally raised. The local dinner table is always accompanied by the local cheese.The villages Oxo Meria and Falatados are famous for their cheeses. Types of cheeses are: round cheeses or balls, sklavotyra, boiled cheese and mytzithra or kopanisti. For more information as well as orders for Tinos’s dairy products on tel. 22830 23289/ 21184. The pork meat is prepared in various ways for the winter: They make pichtes, sisera, or syglina, sausages and louzes. Quality honey is also produced in Tinos in the traditional way, but there is no systematic apiculture. For information you can contact the apiarian cooperative of Tinos (meltinou@thn.forthnet.gr).

Local Recipes
In the traditional taverns of the island fresh fish and local traditional products are served such as sun dried tomatoes, local cheese, louza, sausages and froutalia. On Easter, housewives make “lychnarakia” (cheese pies with fresh mizithra and cinnamon, orange or vanilla) and in Christmas they serve “foinikia”, with local thyme honey.
The retsina wine takes place when they add resin (one kilo in 100 kilos of must) in the barrel. Other grapes are stretched out in the sunlight in order to become rasins. The new wine is tried on the day of Agios Minas, when the barrel has been closed for 40 days.
From the must they make molasses. They boil the must in the cauldrons with a bag of white soil. They can add soil directly in the cauldron without putting it in a bag, therefore it should be left to fall and then they poor the must in an other cauldron, in which boiling is also continued. The molasses are boiled or even sun dried.
There are many types of cheeses: the roundly or balls, sklavotyra (tyrovoli or tis apagelias: these cheeses dry in kalathounes or malathounia and take their form), boiled cheeses, kalathata and the mytzithra or kopanisti. When they do not knead the cheese with salt, then it becomes unsalted. When it is ready it is eaten with sugar or with figs. It must be eaten though because it spoils.
Boiled cheeses boil in fire and are put in kalathakia. They add salt in the bottom of the basket, they put cheese and add again salt on the top. They are also said “kalathata”.
The kopanisti or mytzithra is a cheese that is made when cheese becomes “rock”, is grinded and then knead with salt and few old kopanisti. There it boils gradualy and it is kneaded. It should become very hard in order to be maintained for long time.
Various foods are prepared from pork meats and are maintained for the whole winter. They make pichtes, sisera, or syglina, sausages and louzes. In order to make the pichti, they boil the head and the legs of the pig together with pepper and allspice. They also add two leaves of laurel. They add half a kilo of vinegar, juice of ten lemons and salt. When they boil, the meat is cut and put in earthen containers (tsoukalia, giouvetsia etc),by being cautiousl they share the meat depending on the capacity of containers. With the same way they share in each container the broth with the fat. Later they leave pichti to become thick.
For sisera or syglina they cut pieces from the pork meat and they put them in the cauldron with a little water. While they boil they also throw salt dissolved in water, because otherwise it sticks in the bottom of the cauldron. After the sisera abrorb their water they pour glina and boil until become redish. They maintain it in earthen containers that are caled zares or glinera.For those who want, they add pieces from sausage sizzled in “pig” grease in the glinera with the sisera.
The sausages are made from pork meat, which is made into mincemeat. they add salt, allspice, marathosporo, and red wine. They knead and leave for two three hours in order for the wine to work. They fill the intestines of a pig and than they smoke them. Then they are let to sun dry for 5-6 days.
Lozes are pork meat taken from the sides of a pig from a specific place that is called louza. They put it for one week in sweet red wine and then they put it in the large intestine of a pig. They hang it to dry and then is enjoyed in thin cut slices.
The bones that remain after the abstraction of the meat are made salted. They salt them with thick salt rubbing it by hand. They leave it later in a basin to remove as much blood possible and put them in small wooden barrels with salt. They cover on top for the flies. When they want to make soup they remove certain bones from the night, wash them and then boil them. Along with the salted bones they also keep the tongue of the pig. They usually cook it in the First of May (stifado]), as antidote to “glossofagia”.
Important part of the diet is covered by fish of various species, which are fished in various ways.
The chochlioi (snails), the amanites (mushrooms), the grasses, constitute a dietary supplement that in older times strictly depended by local production.
In the feasts pastries and particular dishes were prepared. Xerotigana and aygokalamara are prepared even today and are intended for weddings, nominal feasts and festivals but also for memorials.
On the day of Agios Andreas they prepare pancakes and on the new years day loukoumades in which they place a coin. The days of Christmas they offer kourampiedes, foinikia and psarakia (with filling from walnut and rusk, kneaded with sugar and cinnamon).
On the last Sunday of the Carnival they prepare rizogalo or galaktompoureko. On the Saturday of Lazarus they make lazarakia (effigies of Lazarus), vlachoules for the girls and officers for the boys.
On Easter they make tsimpita cheese pies. The filling is made with mytzithra, eggs, sugar, vanilla and cinnamon, but also bigger covered cheese pies. With the same filling and molasses instead of sugar they make the petmezenies pies. The Skepastarakia are made in the same way but with square filo. On the day of Agios Fanourios they make fanouropitta.

How to Arrive
Tinos is connected with ferry boat and speedboats with Piraeus, Rafina, Thessalonica, Lavrion and a lot of islands of the Cyclades and Crete.
For more information:
Port Authority of Tinos: Tel. 22830-22348 / 22220
Port Authority of Piraeus: Tel. 210 4226000-4, 210 4593140, 210 4593150
Port Authority of Rafina: Tel. 22940 22300, Port office of Tinos: Tel. 22830 22378, Port Authority of Thessalonica: Tel. 2310 531505.
Greek Telecome: 1440

Local transport
Transport takes place with buses, taxi, rented cars and motorcycles, and with fishing boats that execute regular itineraries towards the most distant beaches.
For more information you can call 22830 22440 (KTEL) and 22830 22470 (TAXI).

Useful telephones
Police: 22830-22255
Tourist Police: 22830-22100
Eparcheio of Tinos: 22830 24733
Municipality of Tinos: 22830 22234
Health centres: 22830 31210, 22830 31206 (Pyrgos)
Port Authority: 22830-22348 / 22220
Tourist Information Office: 22830 25719

Website of Tinos: http://www.tinos.gov.gr/portal/page/portal/tinos

Local Festivities
Every September the Honey Festival is celebrated at Kambos on Tinos and in early May it is the artichoke celebration at Komi.

Beaches
The beaches of Tinos are rich in numbers and beaty. Near Hora, we find the organised beaches Kionia, Agios Sostis and Kolympithra, as well as the sandy Tsampia, Agios Fokas and Agios Romanos.A little further north, Apigania and Kantani are more solitary beaches, while the Pahia Ammos on the south of Hora, is perhaps the most beautiful beach of the island and gathers a crowd of visitors. Lychnaftia and Santa Margarita are found a little further north.
In the south-western side of the island, you can swim in the bay of Isternia, in atmospheric Vathi, in Chalakes, in Kalyvia and in the bay of Giannakis.
The northern beaches Koumelas and Mali have the exceptional qualification of being windless while the most beautiful beaches in the region of Panormos are: the Agia Thalassa, the Kavalourko and the Rochari.

Source: www.cyclades-tour.gr